Amelia Earhart

New discovery could solve mystery surrounding Amelia Earhart

Legendary aviator Amelia Earhart was attempting to become the first female pilot to fly around the world when her plane disappeared over the Pacific Ocean in 1937. Last month, the International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery (TIGHAR) proposed the theory that she landed her plane safely on a remote island and died as a castaway. Now, scientists say a new discovery shows a striking similarity between the pilot and the partial skeleton of a castaway found on an island in the country of Kiribati in 1940. A historical photo provided the vital clue. In May 1932, Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean, taking off in Canada and landing in Ireland. Three years later, she flew solo from Hawaii to California, winning a $10,000 prize. She was America’s darling, famous for being a daring, but modest, pilot. Together with co-pilot Frederick J. Noonan, she was attempting to circumnavigate the globe when the plane disappeared somewhere near Howland Island, in the middle of the Pacific. In August, TIGHAR’s Ric Gillespie said Earhart made more than 100 radio transmissions calling for help between July 2 and July 6 of 1937, ruling out the possibility of a crash landing. Her calls were picked up as far away as Texas, Florida, and even Melbourne. “She’s out there calling for help,” Mr Gillespie said, adding that she must have landed safely, because the radio wouldn’t have worked without the engine running. The bones were uncovered on the island of Nikumaroro, also known as Gardner Island, which is about 400 miles south of Howland Island. They were analysed in 1940, but a doctor said they were male, ruling out the possibility they belonged to Earhart. However, when TIGHAR discovered the files in 1998, scientists said modern techniques proved the bones were “consistent with a female of Earhart’s height and ethnic origin”. More recently, anthropologist Richard Jantz was preparing an updated evaluation when he noticed a strange detail: the skeleton’s forearms were considerably larger than average. However, without knowing the dimensions of Earhart’s body, Dr Jantz had no way of comparing if her forearms were similarly longer than normal. TIGHAR turned to forensic imaging specialist Jeff Glickman for help. Using a historical photo where both of Earhart’s bare arms were visible, he calculated the ratio between the bones in her lower and upper arm. “Because there is tissue over the skeleton in living people … the location of each bone end must be estimated,” he wrote in a report published last week. Her clothing also added a layer of difficulty, however, he used the point of her shoulder, the crease of her elbow, and the indent of her wrist as landmarks. “Given the evidence and my experience in the field of photogrammetry and photo interpretation, I estimate that the radius-to-humerus ratio of Amelia Earhart is 0.76,” he wrote. In other words, the difference between her lower and upper arm was virtually identical to the partial skeleton, unearthed in the South Pacific. The discovery doesn’t conclusively prove the castaway was Amelia Earhart, but it’s certainly another step in that direction.

Fascinating!!  To see some really great photos of Amelia, click on the text above.   🙂

New evidence reportedly indicates Amelia Earhart survived crash

Did Amelia Earhart survive her plane crash? This is the most likely theory, with evidence emerging that she was making contact for days after her plane disappeared. The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery (TIGHAR) believes Earhart safely landed her plane when it disappeared in 1937 and died as a castaway. During a presentation in the US last month, TIGHAR’s Ric Gillespie backed up all of the group’s theories. Earhart’s plane was last seen on radar on July 2, 1937. After becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean, she embarked on a mission to fly over 29,000 miles around the world. But on July 2, 1937, four months after beginning her trip, she found herself in trouble. She was flying at 1,230 feet looking for Howland Island, southwest of Honolulu, but was low on fuel. It is believed she was not as close to the island as expected, so she safely landed on another island, believed to be Nikumaroro, also known as Gardner Island, which is surrounded by a reef and about 400 miles southeast of Howland Island. Gillespie said that from the time the plane vanished off radar on July 2 to July 6, there were more than 100 radio transmissions from Earhart calling for help. A woman in Melbourne even picked up her frequency. “People started hearing radio distress calls from the airplane and they were verified,” Gillespie said. About six hours after she went missing, a very weak and unreadable voice was picked up by credible radio operators. They recognized her voice. A housewife in Texas listening on a short-wave radio a short time later also heard Earhart’s pleas. She heard the plane had landed part in water and part on land. Gillespie said Earhart told radio operators she was injured, but not as badly as her navigator, Fred Noonan. “She’s out there calling for help,” Gillespie said. He believes Earhart landed safely with some fuel left in the tank, because she wouldn’t have been able to work the radio without the engine running.

 

New book claims Amelia Earhart was taken prisoner by Japanese during WWII

With just hours to go before the calendar flips to 2016, social media is abuzz with a new theory on: What happened to Amelia Earhart? And just when you think the theories couldn’t get more incredible, this one appears to be … one for books. Author W.C. Jameson, in his new book “Amelia Earhart: Beyond the Grave,” claims the great female aviator who disappeared in 1937 was actually on a secret spying mission authorized by Franklin D. Roosevelt when she vanished. Jameson claims to have found evidence showing Earhart’s plane was equipped with cameras to record Japanese military installations in the Pacific Ocean when it lost contact in the Marshall Islands. The author writes that Earhart and her co-pilot Fred Noonan were shot down or landed in Japanese territory and held prisoner. Jameson’s book — set to debut Jan. 5 — goes on to claim the Roosevelt administration — which he says knew of her fate — made no attempts to rescue her because the president did not want to admit the famed, female aviator was used for a spy mission. When Earhart was freed in 1945, she returned to the United States under a new identity — Irene Craigmile Bolam — so as not to embarrass Roosevelt, according to Jameson. The author claims Earhart lived out her life in the U.S. and died in 1982. Earhart and Noonan disappeared somewhere over the Pacific Ocean on July 2, 1937, during her second attempt to circumnavigate the globe by air. Earhart was 41 years old at the time. Dozens of theories about the nature of Earhart’s death have sprung up over the years. It remains one of the most debated unsolved mysteries in America even today. The longstanding official theory is that the plane ran out of gas, crashed and sank into very deep ocean waters somewhere off Howland Island, a tiny speck that the pair missed. Various teams who believe the crashed-and-sank theory —an explanation supported by curators at the Smithsonian’s Air and Space Museum — have tried to pinpoint the crash location using sophisticated equipment to scan the ocean floor and employing computer models, based on the strength of Earhart’s radio transmissions. No one has found a verified plane part or bone fragment.

Things that make ya go, “hmmmm”     🙂

Man makes searching for Amelia Earhart his life’s quest

Ric Gillespie tells a story well. He knows how to get people intrigued and, in some cases, to persuade them to give him money, not unlike the legendary pilot for whom he’s spent much of his life searching — Amelia Earhart. At first, the man who looks a bit like a weather-worn sea captain balks at the oft-repeated notion that his ability to charm, and maybe even his time on stage in high school, helped get him where he is. Then, Gillespie shrugs and capitulates, with a slight smile. “No apologies for my charisma. I put it, I hope, to very good use,” he says, sitting on the back porch of the old farmhouse in rural Pennsylvania that is both his home and office of the organization he and his wife, Pat Thrasher, co-founded — The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery, or TIGHAR. The group’s mission — and his life’s goal for more than 25 years — has been to solve the mystery of Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan, who disappeared in the South Pacific on July 2, 1937, during what was supposed to be a round-the-world flight. The longstanding official theory is that the plane ran out of gas, crashed and sank into very deep ocean waters somewhere off Howland Island, a tiny speck that the pair missed. Since 1989, Gillespie and his team have been testing another theory — and they’re headed back to the South Pacific this month. They surmise that Earhart made an emergency landing on a flat stretch of coral reef off what was then known as Gardner Island, southwest of Howland. Gillespie and members of TIGHAR have made several treks to the distant atoll, now called Nikumaroro. To do so, and to keep the organization running, they have raised millions of dollars in private funding. Gillespie and his team left for the island this past week, on a boat from Fiji, and were scheduled to arrive this weekend. Among other things, they want to check an anomaly seen in sonar imaging on an underwater cliff where the reef drops off. Could it be the fuselage of Earhart’s Lockheed Electra 10E airplane? Gillespie makes no promises: “There’s no guarantee of success.” He’s far from the only person with an idea about Earhart’s fate.

To read the rest of this fascinating article click on the text above.

New Pacific expedition will search for Earhart’s plane

The search for clues into the disappearance of Amelia Earhart continues. Next month researchers from The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery (TIGHAR) will set off on a new expedition to the remote Pacific atoll of Nikumaroro in an attempt to further unravel the mystery. Aviation pioneer Earhart disappeared somewhere over the Pacific Ocean in 1937 during her second attempt to circumnavigate the globe by air. Dozens of theories about the nature of Earhart’s death have sprung up over the years. It remains one of the most debated unsolved mysteries in America even today. The trip will be TIGHAR’s eleventh expedition to Nikumaroro, also known as Gardner Island. A team of researchers will leave Fiji on June 8 for the 1,000-mile voyage to the atoll, arriving June 13. Once there, TIGHAR will conduct 14 days of research both on land and at sea.

To read more about this upcoming expedition, and a photo of Amelia’s plane, click on the text above